Canada's most common Banknotes
Sir Wilfrid Laurier (Liberal)
He was born in St. Lin, Quebec on 20 November 1841 he was the first French-Canadian prime minister and held office from 1896 to 1911 and died on 17 February 1919.
Children at play (There playing hockey)
Sir John A. Macdonald (Conservative)
Canada's first prime minister and one of the Fathers of Confederation, continues to be featured on the front of the upgraded Canadian Journey series $10 bank note. Macdonald held office from 1867 to 1873 and from 1878 to 1891. He is best remembered as a nation builder for his role in creating Canada, and for realizing his dream of building a transcontinental railway. Macdonald was a constitutional expert, who helped draft the British North America Act, which established the federal system by which the country's first four provinces—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec—were united on 1 July 1867. During his years as prime minister, Canada experienced rapid growth and prosperity. Manitoba, British Columbia, and Prince Edward Island joined Confederation, and the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway's transcontinental line was driven into the ground. Sir John A. Macdonald was born in January 1815, in Glasgow Scotland. He emigrated to Canada in 1820, and passed away on 6 June 1891.
The theme of the $10 note is a tribute to Remembrance and Peackeeping. Scene: Remembrance and Peacekeeping
A veteran and two young people observe a Remembrance Day service as members of the Land and Naval Forces stand vigil. A member of the Armed Forces in a peacekeeping role complements the scene. The first verse of John McCrae's poem, In Flanders Fields, and its French adaptation, Au champ d'honneur, by Jean Pariseau, are featured together with doves and a wreath of poppies, which symbolize peace and commemoration.
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth Regina Windsor II
Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a member of the Commonwealth, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch and head of state. Born in London, England, on 21 April 1926, she acceded to the throne on 6 February 1952, following the death of her father King George VI. She was separately proclaimed Queen of Canada during a coronation that took place at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953.
The artwork of Bill Reid (1920-1998), inspired by the Haida culture of Canada's northwest coast, was chosen to represent this theme. Internationally recognized as one of Canada's most accomplished artists, Bill Reid embraced many art forms during his career. His magnificent works range from the intricate to the monumental—woodcarvings, exquisite jewellery, beautiful prints, and massive sculptures. Depicted on the $20 note are The Spirit of Haida Gwaii, The Raven and the First Men, The Grizzly Bear, and Mythic Messengers. Bill Reid was a mentor, and his work continues to inspire Canadian artists in all fields.
William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal)
Canada's longest-serving prime minister. He held power for almost 22 years, from 1921 to 1926, from 1926 to 1930, and from 1935 to 1948. Under King's administration, the Government of Canada introduced unemployment insurance in 1940 and the family allowance in 1944. Mackenzie King is also remembered for his support of the Famous Five in their historic appeal to the British Privy Council, then Canada's highest court of appeal, and for appointing the first woman, Cairine Wilson, to the Senate in 1930.
This theme may immediately summon images of building the railway, or other enormous efforts invested in creating the well-established infrastructure that allows Canadians to travel and communicate with one another. However, the back of the note features Thérèse Casgrain and the Famous Five, chosen to illustrate the note's theme by celebrating Canadians who have campaigned for the rights and freedoms that every citizen of Canada now enjoys.
In 1951, Thérèse Casgrain became the first woman to head a political party in Quebec, and in 1970, she was appointed to the Senate. The Thérèse Casgrain Volunteer Award depicted on the note commemorates Mme Casgrain's lifelong campaign for consumer rights, women's rights, world peace, and social justice, and recognizes the voluntary contributions of men and women whose pioneering spirit and social commitment have contributed to improving the well-being of their fellow citizens. This annual award, presented by the Government of Canada, through Social Development Canada, is given to individuals with lifetime achievements as volunteers.
The Famous Five – Emily Murphy, Nellie McClung, Irene Parlby, Henrietta Muir Edwards, and Louise McKinney – triumphed in the "Persons" Case – one of the most famous cases in Canadian legal history and one that had a profound impact throughout the British Commonwealth. On 18 October 1929, the British Privy Council declared that women are persons, thus making them eligible to be summoned to and become members of the Senate of Canada. Depicted on the note is the statue of the Famous Five, which can be seen on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, and on Olympic Plaza in Calgary, Alberta.
The quotation featured on the back of the note, "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights" is from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the first draft of which was written by New Brunswick native John Peters Humphrey. Mr. Humphrey was also instrumental in finding solutions for many Canadian and international human rights problems. He helped to launch Amnesty International Canada and to create the Canadian Human Rights Foundation. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1974.
Info and Banknotes are TM of Bank of Canada